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The mid-late apricot variety Champion of the North was obtained as a result of sowing seeds of the Triumph North variety. The authors of the description of the variety and its production were well-known breeders A.N. Venyaminov and L.A. Dolmatova. The apricot bred by them very well established itself in home gardening of the Central Black Earth region.
Botanical grade description
When growing apricot varieties "Champion of the North", it should be remembered that the tree has an average shoot-forming ability and is characterized by significant growth power. The crown of fruit trees is quite rare and is represented by relatively thick, powerful shoots.
Trees of the Champion of the North variety are characterized by winter hardiness and are perfectly adapted to cultivation in difficult soil or climatic conditions of our country.
Fruit characterization and yield
Apricot Champion of the North is characterized by large sizes of fruits. Apricots weighing up to 64-66 g and oval in shape fully ripen in the last decade of July. Large fruits are formed when rationing fruit stands with crops. Without rationing, the average weight of the fruit does not exceed 28-30 g. A good quality flesh of orange color is covered with a medium-thick skin, which is pubescent and has an attractive glow on the sunny side of the surface. The stone is freely located, so it is perfectly separated from the pulp of the fruit.
The transportability of the harvest is quite high. The fruits are suitable for processing and for fresh consumption, including as an ingredient for the preparation of fruit salads and other types of dessert. The variety reaches a fairly high level of fruiting already in the fifth or sixth year after planting. The first flowering is observed three years after planting apricot seedlings in a permanent place.
Apricot: planting and care
Major pests and their control
Apricot cultivation Champion of the North is rarely associated with the need to destroy plant parasites. Nevertheless, in order to reduce the risk of damage to fruit stands by the most common pests in our country, The following protective measures are recommended:
- To protect against aphids, and as a result, from damage to garden crops by a sooty fungus that feeds on the waste products of plant parasites, the effective drugs Actellik or Karbofos should be used. Processing apricot trees with a soap solution based on tobacco dust or wood ash also has good results.
- In order to destroy the moth, prophylactic treatments of garden trees in the autumn and spring with special insectofungicides are used, and the base of the skeletal branches is treated with a mixture of lime and copper sulphate.
- To protect apricot trees from the caterpillars of the butterfly hawthorn, manual pest collection and processing of the crown of fruit trees by chemical and folk remedies are used throughout the entire vegetative period.
- Plants can also be attacked by caterpillars of such a dangerous pest as leafworm, which should be controlled by treatment of the apricot tree stands and the bases of skeletal branches with concentrated “Chlorophos” in spring and in preparation for winter.
In addition to narrowly targeted preventive measures, soil treatment in trunk circles in the form of deep digging in late autumn is important, which allows the destruction of wintering pests.
Timely sanitary scraps of plants should not be neglected. Also in the autumn period, it is required to collect fallen leaves and incinerate plant debris. Visual assessment of the health status of orchards and the implementation of preventive measures are a guarantee of maintaining high productivity of apricot trees for a long time.
Reviews and advice of experienced gardeners
Apricot varieties "Champion of the North" received a high appreciation of taste and positive feedback from gardeners. Excellent winter hardiness of wood is complemented by a relatively high resistance of flower buds to low temperature indicators. However, it should be noted that the variety has insufficient resistance to the defeat of kleasterosporiosis. Also, according to some consumers, this variety is characterized by some dryness of the pulp and pronounced acidity of the skin of the fruit.
Apricots: Siberian varieties
The variety belongs to the category of self-fertile, and to obtain a high-quality annual crop, there is no need to plant pollinators on a personal plot. Under favorable weather conditions, in combination with high agricultural technology, the average yield is about 23-27 kg of fruit from each tree.