The best varieties of black and red currants for Ukraine

The best varieties of black and red currants for Ukraine

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It is easy to choose the most productive blackcurrant varieties in Ukraine (photo 1), the main thing is to carefully study all available information about them.

When selecting, you should pay attention to the features of a particular variety:

  • resistance to drought and frost;
  • resistance to pests and various fungal diseases;
  • fruit ripening period.

After studying these characteristics, you can pay attention to other criteria:

  • the shape of the currant bush and the strength of its growth;
  • the taste of fruits;
  • quality of berries.

The quality of the berries depends on the weather during ripening, drought or high humidity. The yield of varieties bred by breeders reaches 35 c / ha. The reasons for its decline are as follows:

  1. Low resistance to drought or frost.
  2. Insufficient resistance to diseases and pests.
  3. Non-compliance with growing technology.
  4. Poor care.

In the past few years, adverse weather conditions have been observed for growing currants. Melt melt quickly evaporates from the soil due to high temperatures in the spring. Summer is often hot without enough rain. Because of this, various diseases massively develop, many pests appear. These factors negatively affect the yield in the current and next year. Therefore, varieties for Ukraine must be selected breeding adapted to negative environmental factors.

Black Currants

The most productive blackcurrant varieties

The best black currant varieties are selected depending on which region of Ukraine they will be grown. Most of them are universal:

  • Pearl - an early ripe instance, bred by Russian breeders. Currant bushes are medium-sized, with large leaves with sharp edges. The fruits are large, black, round and very sweet. The variety is resistant to drought and frost, unpretentious to growing conditions. Resistance to common pests and diseases is high.
  • Sofievskaya - an early ripe bush of medium height. Berries are large, oval, do not crumble after ripening. They have a strong shiny skin. Pulp with a pleasant sweet and sour taste, greenish color. Summer residents are provided with stable and high productivity. The variety is resistant to pests, diseases and drought.
  • Anniversary Digging with an average late ripening of berries. Bushes grow medium height, semi-spreading. The fruits are large, black, round and ripen at the same time. The taste of berries is sweet and sour. The bush has a consistently high yield and the desired resistance to changes in climatic conditions, diseases and pests. Berries can be stored for a long time.

  • Pygmy - black dessert currant with an average ripening duration. Her berries are large, fragrant, very sweet. The bushes are whimsical and require additional care during the season. But they are resistant to frost and drought, to anthracnose and powdery mildew. To septoria and common renal mite resistance is moderate.
  • Beauty of Lviv - late ripe bush, bred by domestic breeders. The bushes are medium-sized and slightly spreading, and the shoots are straight, thick and strong. Berries grow shiny, black, medium in size with a strong, elastic skin. Harvest has a pleasant sweet-sour finish. Bush with a high, stable yield. Resistant to many diseases and pests. Berries can be frozen, processed or consumed fresh.

  • Blackcurrant variety Keen Russian breeding with a late maturity. The berries are large, round, with elastic skin and a low sheen. They have fleshy flesh and sour taste. The bush is whimsical and requires timely fertilizing, pruning. Resistant to colds and fungal diseases. Not suitable for transportation. Berries on the shrub do not sing at the same time.
  • Lazy person - blackcurrant with an average ripening period. Its fruits are large, black with a rich brown tint. The taste is sweet, dessert. Berries do not ripen at the same time. Currants have a low yield, but this can be corrected by pollination with other varieties. Berries are suitable for transportation.
  • Dessert grade Mermaid early ripening. The berries are large, black, fragrant, with a sweet taste and thin skin. Currant is resistant to frost, many pests and diseases. Berries are suitable for transportation, have a marketable appearance.

All these specimens have high productivity, resistance to frost, climate change, diseases and pests. They are suitable for cultivation in all regions of Ukraine.

Red currant: which varieties to choose

Red currants are no less useful than black currants. There are many types of this berry on the market. The most suitable varieties of red currant for Ukraine:

  1. Darnitsa - medium early variety with high productivity. Berries have a presentation, disease resistance and high transportability.
  2. Enchantress appreciated by many gardeners for their high productivity. Berries grow red, large, with dessert sweet taste. Currants are resistant to diseases and pests.
  3. Ural beauty - A variety of red currants, bred by Russian breeders. The berries are large, sweet, with a marketable appearance, suitable for transportation. Productivity increases over the years.
  4. Valentinovka resistant to many diseases, the fruits are formed later than the rest of the counterparts. It has large clusters with large sour berries, which are suitable for freezing and processing.

Red currant is very healthy, has a high content of vitamin C. It can be consumed fresh, but it has a sour taste. It is best to add it to compotes or to make jam from berries.

Currant planting

Planting currants in spring is quite possible, but it is preferable to plant young bushes in late October. The main thing is to be in time before frosts appear. If you plant a bush in the fall, in the spring the soil around it will be well compacted, and the seedlings will take root better. The place chosen for planting should be moist, but not swampy, but protected from drafts. If the soil is swampy, good drainage is required, as the currant is afraid of high humidity. Moisture promotes the development of fungal diseases.

Planting seedlings in the spring is not recommended, since the budding process is underway, seedlings may not take root. Currants do not require frequent watering, usually up to 3 times per season is usually enough. The first time watered during the appearance of buds and young shoots, the second time - when the process of ripening begins. After picking ripe berries, you can water the currants a third time. In autumn, bushes are watered if there is no rainfall. Periodically, fertilizers, nitrogen-containing substances and lime are applied under the bush.

Redcurrant: variety selection

Old branches need to be cut annually, as they give a low yield.

After trimming, the bush is correctly formed and updated. It is better to cut in early spring, when the juice did not start to go.

With proper care, the yield of currants and its resistance to pests and diseases increase.