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Description of the Ryabinushka potato variety, cultivation features and yield

Description of the Ryabinushka potato variety, cultivation features and yield


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In 2007, the breeders of the Vsevolzhskaya station bred the Ryabinushka potato, which gained well-deserved popularity. It is grown throughout Russia and even in neighboring countries. This variety has excellent taste, which is confirmed by numerous consumer reviews. When cooking, the potatoes do not lose their integrity, and the creamy pulp retains its color.

Description of the variety

The stems of the bush are erect, sometimes semi-erect, the height of which reaches medium size. The flowers are purple-blue and the leaves are dark green with wavy edges.

Rowanushki tubers have a neat, even oval shape. The peel has a pleasant reddish color. There are small eyes on the surface. If the potatoes are damaged during digging or storage, the creamy flesh will not darken. On average, the mass of one tuber is from 90 to 135 grams. More than 10 root crops are collected from one bush, which are approximately the same size.

Growing

The Ryabinushka potato variety is suitable for planting in the middle climatic zone. Gardeners' reviews speak of the excellent growth of the vegetable in most Russian regions. Agronomists do not recommend the inhabitants of the Lower Volga region to grow this crop due to the nature of the soil.

Prepare the soil for planting since the fall, for a start it is cleaned of grass. If this is not done, then a favorable environment develops in the soil for bacteria that can harm the future harvest. Then fertilizers are applied, as a result of which during the winter months the soil is restored and enriched with useful microelements.

In order for the future harvest to be rich, and the tubers to grow large, open areas are selected for planting without shadows. An undoubted advantage will be if last year gardeners were engaged in the cultivation of perennial grasses, flax, legumes, and lupine on this soil.

Before planting, the seed is sorted out. It is not allowed to leave potatoes even with the slightest signs of fungal or infectious diseases.

The eyes on the tubers are future shoots. Therefore, the more there are, the better the culture will grow. The disembarkation specimens should feel a little soft to the touch, but not empty.

In potatoes, you can accelerate growth and increase yields. To do this, agronomists advise germinating seeds shortly before planting. This simple procedure can lead to amazing results. First, 2-3 cm soil is poured into the box, which is pre-moistened. Then the tubers are laid out with their eyes upward, then the next layer of soil is spread in 2-3 cm and the roots are placed again. No more than 3 rows are laid out.

Attention! The germination process will go faster if the box with potatoes is exposed to light, but it is important to keep the temperature within 15 degrees Celsius.

Within 2 weeks, sprouts will sprout from the tubers, the height of which at the time of planting should not be more than 1.5 cm.

Copper sulfate solution can help improve germination efficiency. It is prepared based on the ratio of 5 liters of water and 5 grams of the drug.

For planting potatoes, the best time is May 10. By this time, the earth warms up well. The mountain ash is planted in a previously prepared, not too wet soil to a depth of 7 to 10 cm. The tubers are sprinkled with wood ash on top, then the holes are filled with earth.

Care features

This variety is unpretentious and does not require large physical costs for care. In order for the plant to develop well, the soil must be periodically loosened and fertilized. It is also important to protect the crop from pests and weeds by weeding. It is recommended to spud the bushes twice.

The mountain ash does not tolerate dry weather. In the absence of rain, additional watering is organized for the plants.

Advantages and disadvantages

Ryabinushka potatoes have the following positive qualities:

  • The variety is mid-season, which allows harvesting 3 months after planting.
  • Productivity - 220-450 centners per hectare. This advantage is used not only by amateur gardeners, but also by large farmers.
  • Great taste, noted by a huge number of people.
  • The starch content in potatoes is 11–18%.
  • The mountain ash is very resistant to many diseases. The percentage of damage is extremely low.
  • The crop can be stored until spring without large losses (up to 10%), which indicates a good keeping quality of potatoes.
  • The tubers do not lend themselves to external damage and perfectly tolerate movement over any distance.

The characteristic of this type of vegetable crop is complemented by some disadvantages, these include a higher need for watering in comparison with other varieties and poor plant development in shaded areas.

Pests and diseases

The mountain ash has an excellent feature - resistance to many infections inherent in potato crops. But if a plant infects a disease, it is not difficult to detect it. The leaves are covered with brown spots, a dark bloom appears on the stem. After that, the tops become lethargic, and the plant itself quickly dies.

Attention! To protect potatoes from diseases, before planting, the seeds are processed by soaking them in onion broth for 7-9 hours before germination.

Like all other potato varieties, Ryabinushka also has a problem in the form of the Colorado potato beetle.

To quickly destroy these insects, it is recommended to use Killer, Karate, Spark, Fastak, Prestige. After processing the tops, the beetles die in two days.

Harvesting and storage

For long-term storage, it is important to follow a few simple rules:

  1. After the potatoes are harvested, they are laid out on the ground for 10-12 days to dry thoroughly.
  2. After the expiration of the term, the harvest is sorted out for the timely detection of diseased and damaged tubers.
  3. In order to plant potatoes for next year successfully, the seed is immediately sifted out. It is recommended to choose medium sized tubers and store them separately.

For storing sorted potatoes, you need to prepare a place. The air temperature there should be constant within 0 degrees. For these purposes, cellars, basements, hangars, vegetable pits are suitable.

For 10 years of growing Ryabinushki, gardeners have noted the stability of a high level of yield, resistance to infection resistance and long-term winter storage. And those gardeners who first tried to plant potatoes firmly decided to choose it again next year. Numerous positive reviews on the Internet confirm the great popularity of this variety.


Watch the video: Planting Potatoes - A Complete Planting Guide (October 2022).