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Description of cherries of the Pamyati Vavilov variety and the history of selection, planting and care

Description of cherries of the Pamyati Vavilov variety and the history of selection, planting and care


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Cherry is rightfully recognized as a universal favorite. And when the fragrant beauty ripens one of the first fruits, she is liked even more. Speaking of the early varieties of cherries, the Vavilov Memory cherry should be mentioned. It was launched relatively recently, but has already gained fans in many countries. Thanks to the characteristics and peculiarities of planting and care, cultivation of the variety turns into a pleasant expectation of the harvest.

Breeding history and breeding region

"Vavilovskaya" cherry is dedicated to the great Russian breeder N.I. Vavilov. Bred in 1985, in the city of Michurinsk. The authors of the development were Russian breeders Zhukov S.V. and Kharitonova E.N. The basis for this fruit was freely pollinated seedlings, the variety of which is unknown.

The commemorative variety entered the state register of fruit varieties in some regions of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.

Description of the variety

Cherry in memory of Vavilov belongs to self-fruitless varieties, therefore, another variety of cherries is required for pollination nearby. Fruiting occurs from 4 years after planting. Early flowering, harvesting takes place in the 20th of July.

In the description of the variety, it is important to indicate that the yield reaches 20 kilograms, taking into account the compliance with the growing requirements.

Characteristics:

  1. Taste properties are rated 4 out of 5 points.
  2. Sugar is 11%.
  3. Organic acids - 1.6%.
  4. Dry matter - 18.1%.
  5. Ascorbic acid - 21.65 milligrams / 100 grams.

Appearance

Consider the appearance of all parts of the cherry.

Wood

The crown of the tree is in the shape of a wide pyramid, the foliage is not too dense. The bark is light brown with a green tint. Young shoots are more green in color than brownish. Such branches are flexible, bend strongly. The buds and leaves are large. The first are in the form of a cone, the top is pointed and deviates from the shoot.

Fruits and foliage

The fruits are of the same size, heart-shaped. Weight ranges from 3.6 grams to 4.2, which is average. The base is round, deepened, the tail is pointed. The ripe fruit is dark red in color, the inner part is several tones lighter. The inside is juicy and soft. The stone is large, oval in shape.

Planting and leaving

If the seedling is from a container, it can be planted from spring to early autumn. If the roots are bare, only in spring. Prepare a planting site, think about it taking into account the need for root space. The recommended area for cherry trees is 4x4 meters. The site should be sunny but calm. Ideal if there is a wall or fence nearby. It develops in loamy and sandy loam soils.

Important! Fill the hole with two buckets of water a couple of days before planting. This will allow the soil to soak in moisture.

Dig a hole 0.6 meters deep and the same diameter. Mix the extracted soil with fertilizers. Place the seedling so that the transition from the roots to the trunk is 7 centimeters above the ground. Sprinkle with soil, ram. We form a hole around the trunk with a radius of up to 40 centimeters, fill it with three buckets of settled water.

When planting, you should immediately prune the tree. Prune dead wood, damaged branches annually. With abundant growth, it is worth thinning - shape the crown. After planting, the plant should be watered to the tips of the roots, to a depth of 50 centimeters. This is achieved by watering one bucket a couple of times a week. If the summer is dry, increase the amount of water used to 2 buckets.

Mulching with organic fertilizers will help preserve moisture in the soil. Lay them around the trunk up to 10 centimeters thick. The soil should be loosened superficially, weeds should be removed around the tree.

Reproduction

For grafting, cut a shoot from a tree (red at the base, and hardened), put in water. To accelerate the process of root growth, you can add growth regulators to the water. This should also be done with caution: the twig is placed in the solution for only 18 hours, and no more than one and a half centimeter of the plant should be in the water.

Prepare the soil the day before. A peat-sand mixture should be placed in the beds, then coarse sand. Smooth the soil with a rake, sprinkle with water, fertilize with superphosphate. Place the stalk vertically into the soil by 3 centimeters, cover with foil. As it grows, make sure the plant is watered and not damaged by the sun.

Diseases and pests

The variety is not susceptible to coccomycosis, but moniliosis has every chance of affecting cherries. A tree prone to fungal infections begins to dry quickly and eventually dies.

To prevent this, treat with fungicides three times a year - before, during and after flowering.


Watch the video: Growing Sweet Cherries in the South. Volunteer Gardener (February 2023).