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Despite the presence of numerous breeds of cows, their selection does not stop. New breeds with promising characteristics are emerging in modern animal husbandry. Let us consider the description and characteristics of the Auliekol cattle breed, its requirements for care and maintenance, diet, maintenance features, diseases that animals in the household can get sick with.
Description and characteristics of the Auliekol cattle breed
The breed was bred in 1992 in Kazakhstan. Cows were selected from the offspring of 3 breeds - Angus, Charolais and white-headed Kazakh. The Auliekol variety is of meat orientation, as well as the breed from which it was derived. The main valuable traits of the new breed are early maturity, great weight, and ease of childbirth.
The meat of Auliekol animals is similar in taste and characteristics to the meat of the Angus breed - the so-called marbled, when fat forms thin layers near muscle tissue. The light gray color and early maturity of the cow is inherited from the Angus.
Bulls and cows are muscular, massive, with strong bones. They have a large head on a short neck, 70% of the individuals have no horns. The height at the withers is 140 cm in males, in females - 130 cm. The hair of the Auliekol cows is short and thick. The weight of females is 700-900 kg, males are 1-1.2 tons. The weight of calves at birth is 25 kg, the daily gain is 1.5 kg for heifers, 1.7 kg for bulls. By the age of 15 months, they already weigh 540 kg. For 1 kg of growth, they spend 6 feed. units Slaughter meat yield - 60-63%.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
The high meat productivity of the breed does not reduce its milk productivity. After 3 calving, the female can give 20 liters of milk.
Animals are healthy, with good immunity, hardy, quickly adapt to different climates, tolerate temperature changes and weather changes well. Overgrown with wool by winter.
Advantages and disadvantages
fast weight gain;
good feed conversion;
can eat not only grass, but also leaves of bushes and trees;
because of a well-developed herd instinct, they graze well together in the pasture;
The disadvantage of the Auliekol cattle breed is that the breeding stock is still small in number, and it is difficult to acquire a thoroughbred calf or an adult animal.
Maintenance and care requirements
In the barn, each individual should have at least 2.5 per 2 m2 of area. The room does not need to be insulated, but it must be protected from drafts. For ventilation, it is necessary to provide for a special exhaust system or equip windows with vents. The floors should be sloped, with slurry drain to the rear wall. It is desirable that, with a large number of livestock, the distribution of feed, water and manure removal should be automated. Every day, cows need to be cleaned and washed in the dirtiest places on their skins. Cleaning and massage helps to improve the physical and mental health of the cattle.
Young and adult Auliekol cows are walked every day if they are kept in stalls. But the most optimal is the pasture maintenance. Animals do not suffer from cold and heat. From spring to autumn, they can be kept free, under light canopies.
Drawing up a diet
The calves are not kept with their mothers, but in special boxes with warm bedding. Up to 3 weeks of age, they eat whole milk, up to 6 times a day. In 1 month, in addition to 4 liters of milk, the calf should receive 2 liters of skim milk. At this age, he can be taught to hay, given oat jelly. At 3 months, you can give vegetables, every 1.5 weeks, their volume is increased by 200 g. Chalk and salt are added to the feed. Then dry feed and silage are introduced into the cows ration. From 5 months, grass, hay and root crops become the basis of the diet. Grind vegetables and tubers to a size that is comfortable for small animals.
A six-month-old calf can eat 3 kg of grass and 5 kg of vegetables and drink up to 2-3 buckets of water. The liquid should be warm - in the cold season, in the warm - cool. After weaning, the young are transferred to the herd.
Adult cows are fed grass in the pasture. They graze in one place until they eat up all the grass that is there. They eat rough vegetation, which is not to the taste of animals of other species. In addition to grass, they are fed with hay, silage, vegetables, root crops. Give them salt and chalk. Can be fed with compound feed, partially or completely. Milking animals should receive at least 60 kg of feed per day. The Auliekol cows have a good appetite, with poor nutrition they begin to gnaw on wooden parts in stalls.
In order to obtain purebred animals, only purebred cows and bulls should be produced. But, since the livestock of the Auliekol breed is still small, you can get crossbreeds with other breeds of cattle. In this case, Auliek rings are considered improvers, both when crossed with outbred animals, and thoroughbred, they give offspring with characteristic valuable qualities. Calves inherit early maturity, rapid growth, marbled meat.
There are no special diseases that mainly Auliekolans suffer from. Cows can suffer from infectious and gastrointestinal diseases, but only if the rules of keeping and feeding are not followed.
To prevent infectious pathologies, cattle are vaccinated according to the same scheme as animals of other species. To maintain health, it is necessary to keep the barn clean, feed the cows only with high-quality food and drink clean water, change the bedding, and clean the feeders of food debris.
The Auliekol breed of cattle is not even 30 years old, but, despite its youth, it has great prospects. Possessing the most valuable qualities of Charolais and Angus, they are unpretentious, not picky in food, resistant to diseases and characteristics of various climates. Livestock is suitable for meat growing and breeding in any region of Russia, both in private houses and on industrial farms.