How to feed cucumbers with mullein, horse and rabbit manure

How to feed cucumbers with mullein, horse and rabbit manure

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Top dressing of cucumbers with a mullein is popular. This organic fertilizer or formulations with its addition are well accepted by the vegetable crop. To get only the benefits of feeding, you need to know at what time and how much to apply.

Treatment and prevention of disease

The cultivation of cucumbers is not complete without the introduction of mineral or organic fertilizers. Is it possible to use a mullein in your summer cottage, everyone will say for themselves the useful properties of this component.

Mullein (cow dung) is an organic fertilizer that stimulates the growth and development of cucumbers, increases the number of ripe fruits, improves immunity and protects against many diseases. In the fed soil, the number of many useful microelements increases: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, boron, iron and others. The composition is environmentally friendly and inexpensive.

It is possible to reduce the risk of developing diseases among cucumbers even at the stage of preparing seeds for sowing. For sowing, it is best to take disinfected seeds. In addition to the common solution of potassium permanganate, infusion from cow dung is popular and effective. Recommended proportions are 1: 6.

The use of infusion for spraying helps prevent many fungal and viral diseases. If the disease has just been discovered, the stems of the bushes have become thinner, the leaves have withered and turned yellow, then it is just as effective to carry out foliar processing. In this case, the manure is diluted before use in a ratio of 1: 3.

You can feed the cucumbers with a mullein several times during the entire growing season, with an interval of 12-14 days. It is especially useful when the plant looks lethargic, weak, and the leaves on the stem are white. Suitable for the first feeding, when the first leaves are just beginning to unfold. The main thing is to know what kind of manure is suitable for cucumbers and at what time it is safe to use.

Basic rules for using fertilizer

Cucumbers benefit from mullein at various stages of their development, but it is different from slurry. Slurry contains many trace elements, but it can contain pathogens of various infections. Mullein is obtained by fermentation, and during this process disease-causing organisms die. Therefore, it is safer to cultivate the land with mullein than with slurry.

A large number of microelements are concentrated in the manure bed, beneficial microorganisms begin to multiply. It becomes profitable to plant vegetables on such plots of land. All the nutrients contained in the soil are more easily absorbed by the plant when the mullein is introduced. During the ripening period, you can enjoy delicious and crispy cucumbers.

How to make a garden, vegetable growers recommend rotted manure to cucumbers. Before planting cucumbers, it is useful for them to process the garden during the autumn or spring digging. If the cucumbers are planted in such soil, then a rich and high-quality harvest is obtained. The beds are also mulched with rotted droppings and infusions for irrigation are prepared on its basis.

You cannot use fresh manure for feeding. Fresh manure can burn the root system and leaves. It is allowed to make an infusion from fresh manure for watering and spraying, or put it in a clean, undiluted form only in the fall, digging up the ground.

Since there are a lot of weed seeds in not rotted manure, spreading on the site leads to the spread of weeds.

Despite the fact that cucumbers love and take well the mullein, you should not add it too often to the soil. An excess of some trace elements can harm the plant. Therefore, only balanced use can be beneficial.

How to prepare a healthy composition

A ready-made mullein is on sale, but you can make a do-it-yourself top dressing for cucumbers. There are two main types of mullein: liquid and litter.

In the presence of bedding material from sawdust and straw in the stall, the cow accordingly obtains bedding type manure. It turns out solid manure with the inclusion of straw. With prolonged storage, it begins to overheat, forming humus. It is also useful to feed plants with humus.

Fertilizer for liquid cucumbers can be made as follows. A compost pit or large plastic barrel is filled with auxiliary components such as straw, fallen leaves, sawdust, potato tops or tomatoes. All are poured with liquid manure. Then the layer of auxiliary components is repeated again. Layers alternate to the very edge of the container.

You can feed the cucumbers with a composition made in a different way. Mullein-based fertilizer should be started a week before applying to the beds. The easiest way to make a good top dressing is to dilute the mullein with water in a 1: 2 ratio and leave to infuse.

The beginning of fermentation is indicated by the appearance of bubbles, the color becomes lighter. Before watering, the resulting solution is once again diluted with water. Infusion of mullein should be watered only between rows, avoiding contact with leaves and ovaries. To preserve all valuable properties, you cannot open the container with the ready-made solution.

There are several rules on how to feed a cucumber garden with prepared manure. For the entire development period, it is recommended to feed the cucumber garden at least four times. Since a varied diet improves the development of cucumbers, it is beneficial to alternate nutritional components.

  • The very first time, mullein fertilization of cucumbers should be before the beginning of the flowering period. The recommended dosage of manure is 250 g, which is diluted with a bucket of water. From the experience of gardeners: "Together with manure, I diluted 5 g of potassium sulfate, superphosphate and urea."
  • The next time, fertilization is necessary at the time of the beginning of fruiting. Instead of mullein, you can use chicken dung and wood ash, which are also bred in a bucket of water.
  • After two weeks, you can water the cucumbers with the mullein solution again. Tip: "Separately dilute mullein with water in a 1: 3 ratio." For the composition, you still need to take a diluted solution (1 liter), add 5 g of potassium sulfate, urea and superphosphate each.
  • The last top dressing is recommended to be applied after three weeks. Again, instead of cow dung, an infusion of bird droppings is prepared.

Cucumbers in the greenhouse for the first time can be fed with a mullein two weeks after planting the seedlings. In 10 liters of water, 1 liter of mullein is diluted and left to infuse for about three days. Then again dilute with water and add 250 g of wood ash.

When feeding plants, it is best not to pour the mullein solution under the root, but to put it in the grooves made next to the beds. After absorbing the solution, the grooves are again covered with earth.

Application of horse and rabbit manure

Many vegetable growers note that it is much more effective for cucumbers in the open field to choose horse manure as fertilizer. It decomposes much faster, heats up quickly and cools slowly. It keeps warm for a long time, which has a beneficial effect on the development of cucumbers.

Horse manure, especially fresh, is best cultivated in the fall. For 1 sq. meter you will need to take 5.5 kg of the main component. When digging the land in spring, it is best to add rotted manure for cucumbers. During flowering and ovary formation, it is most effective to water with liquid manure.

To make a bed for cucumbers when using horse manure in greenhouse conditions, the top layer of soil is first removed. Then manure is placed on top of the remaining bed and spilled with boiling water to get rid of all pathogens. After that, greenhouses and greenhouses are covered with a new layer of soil, dug up and level the beds.

It is useful for plants to compost horse manure. To prepare it, you need to lay various plant waste in a hole or large container, for example, leaves, sawdust, tops of other vegetables and mix with prepared manure. To make liquid fertilizing, manure is diluted with a bucket of water and left to infuse.

You can also feed the cucumbers with rabbit manure, it is no less useful than cow or horse manure. It contains equal amounts of nitrogen, potassium, calcium, magnesium, various trace elements, vitamins and other valuable substances. It is easy to grow a good harvest, since all components are easily and quickly absorbed by plants. The manure loosens and fertilizes the soil.

Rabbit manure as fertilizer is used in any form in a greenhouse or on open beds. Fresh dung is cultivated in the fall. To prepare the infusion, you need to take one part of manure and ten parts of water. Leave to infuse for 2.5 weeks. Compost is considered effective. They make a compost pit, about 1.5 meters deep, throw sawdust and leaves there. The pile will alternate between the vegetation layer and the manure. Can be used on cucumbers in spring, before planting.

The key to a good harvest is the correct and timely use of fertilizers. Be sure to take into account the timing of the introduction of manure, and dilute the components in the recommended dosages.